Dec 14 2022

Business Analysis vs Data Analysis: Inside steps and the difference

Johanson (collected and editted)


Business analyst involves a set of tasks and techniques used to work as a liaison among stakeholders in order to understand the structure, policies, and operations of an organization, and to recommend solutions that enable the organization to achieve its goals. Some of the key steps in the business analysis process include:

  • Identifying the need for a business solution: This involves gathering and analyzing information about the business problem or opportunity, and defining the scope and objectives of the project.

  • Planning the business analysis effort: This involves developing a plan for how the business analysis activities will be carried out, including defining the roles and responsibilities of the business analysts and stakeholders, and establishing a schedule and budget for the project.

  • Eliciting and documenting requirements: This involves identifying and documenting the needs and expectations of the stakeholders, and defining the requirements for the proposed business solution.

  • Analyzing and prioritizing requirements: This involves evaluating the requirements to ensure they are complete, consistent, and feasible, and prioritizing them based on their importance and impact on the business.

  • Validating and verifying requirements: This involves working with stakeholders to ensure that the requirements accurately reflect their needs and expectations, and verifying that the proposed solution will meet those requirements.

  • Developing the business solution: This involves designing and implementing the business solution, including creating any necessary documents, processes, or systems.

  • Communicating and managing changes: This involves keeping stakeholders informed about the progress of the project, and managing any changes to the requirements or the solution.

  • Monitoring and evaluating the solution: This involves monitoring the performance of the solution after it is implemented, and evaluating its effectiveness in meeting the needs of the stakeholders and achieving the desired business outcomes.


Data analyst involves a set of steps that are designed to help extract useful information and insights from data. These steps include:

  • Defining the problem or research question: This involves identifying the problem or question that the data analysis will aim to answer, and defining the goals and objectives of the analysis.

  • Collecting and preparing the data: This involves gathering the data that will be used in the analysis, and cleaning and preprocessing the data to ensure it is in a usable format.

  • Exploring and analyzing the data: This involves exploring the data to identify patterns and relationships, and using statistical and mathematical techniques to analyze the data and draw conclusions.

  • Interpreting and presenting the results: This involves interpreting the results of the analysis, and presenting them in a clear and concise manner, such as through data visualizations or written reports.

  • Evaluating and drawing conclusions: This involves evaluating the quality and reliability of the results, and using them to draw conclusions and make decisions.

One key difference between data analysis and business analysis is the focus of each field. Data analysis is focused on the data itself, and uses a variety of statistical and mathematical techniques to extract insights and knowledge from the data. Business analysis, on the other hand, is focused on the business and its stakeholders, and uses a variety of techniques to understand the business and identify solutions that will help the business achieve its goals.

Another key difference between the two fields is the types of data they use. Data analysis typically uses quantitative data, such as numbers and statistics, to perform its analysis. Business analysis, on the other hand, often uses a combination of quantitative and qualitative data, such as customer feedback, market research, and business metrics, to understand the business and its stakeholders.

Overall, while data analysis and business analysis have some similarities, they are distinct fields that focus on different aspects of data and business, and use different techniques to extract insights and knowledge.

Tags: Business Analysis vs Data Analysis